Researchers have found a new biomarker for cyanide poisoning, which may extend its detection window in death investigations by weeks if not months. Alkali burns of the gastrointestinal tract often can be observed during autopsy in cases where cyanide salts have been ingested.
Correspondingly, what are the signs of cyanide poisoning?
Some signs and symptoms of such exposures are:
- Weakness and confusion.
- Nausea/feeling "sick to your stomach"
- Gasping for air and difficulty breathing.
- Loss of consciousness/"passing out"
- Cardiac arrest.
What is the antidote for cyanide poisoning?
The United States standard cyanide antidote kit first uses a small inhaled dose of amyl nitrite, followed by intravenous sodium nitrite, followed by intravenous sodium thiosulfate. Hydroxocobalamin is newly approved in the US and is available in Cyanokit antidote kits.